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Engle Randall W.

Engle Randall W., Ph.D.

Professor and Chair, School of Psychology
Georgia Institute of Technology

Postal Address:
School of Psychology
Georgia Institute of Technology
654 Cherry St.
Atlanta, GA 30332-0170
USA

Website: http://psychology.gatech.edu/renglelab/index.htm

Contact: 
Phone: 404-894-2680
Email: randall.engle@psych.gatech.edu

RESEARCH INTERESTS

I am interested in individual and developmental differences in working memory capacity, what those differences mean about the nature of working memory and the underlying causes of those differences. I have argued that working memory capacity is the same as central executive capability, controlled attention and general fluid intelligence (Engle Kane & Tuholski, 1999). As such, I argue that individual differences in working memory capacity reflect differences in functioning of the normal frontal lobes.

Current Grants

Working memory, controlled attention and task switching. AFOSR 1997-2000. ($394,960)

PUBLICATIONS

2007

  1. Kane, M.J., Conway, A.R.A., Hambrick, D.Z., & Engle, R.W. (2007). Variation in working memory capacity as variation in executive attention and control. In A.R.A. Conway, C.Jarrold, M.J. Kane, A. Miyake, and J.N. Towse (Eds.), Variation in Working Memory (pp. 21 - 48). NY: Oxford University Press.
  2. Unsworth, N. & Engle, R.W. (2007). The nature of individual differences in working memory capacity: Active maintenance in primary memory and controlled search from secondary memory. Psychological Review, 114, 104 - 132.
  3. Unsworth, N. & Engle, R.W. (2007). Individual differences in working memory capacity and retrieval: A Cue-dependent search approach. In J.S. Nairne (Ed.), The Foundations of Remembering: Essays in Honor of Henry L. Roediger, III (pp. 241 - 258). NY: Psychology Press.

2006

  1. Heitz, R.P., Redick, T.S., Hambrick, D.Z., Kane, M.J., Conway, A.R.A., & Engle, R.W. (2006). Working memory, executive function, and general fluid intelligence are not the same. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29, 135-136.
  2. Kane, M.J., Poole, B.J., Tuholski, S.W., & Engle, R.W. (2006). Working memory capacity and the top-down control of visual search: Exploring the boundaries of "executive attention." Journal of Experimental Psychology, 32, 749 - 777.
  3. Redick, T.S., and Engle, R.W. (2006). Working memory capacity and Attention Network Test performance. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, 713 - 721.
  4. Unsworth, N., & Engle, R.W. (2006). A temporal-contextual retrieval account of complex span: An analysis of errors. Journal of Memory and Language, 54, 346 – 362.
  5. Unsworth, N. and Engle, R.W. (2006). Simple and complex memory spans and their relation to fluid abilities: Evidence from list-length effects. Journal of Memory and Language, 54, 68 - 80.

2005

  1. Conway, A. R. A., Kane, M. J., Bunting, M. F., Hambrick, D. Z., Wilhelm, O., & Engle, R. W. (2005). Working memory span tasks: A methodological review and user's guide. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12, 769 - 786.
  2. Hambrick, D.Z., Kane, M.J., & Engle, R.W. (2005). The role of working memory in higher-level cognition: Domain-specific versus domain-general perspectives. In R. Sternberg & J.E. Pretz (Eds.), Cognition and Intelligence: Identifying the Mechanisms of the Mind (pp. 104 - 121). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Heitz, R. P., Unsworth, N., & Engle, R.W. (2005). Working memory capacity, attentional control, and fluid intelligence. In O. Wilhelm & R.W. Engle (Eds.), Handbook of Understanding and Measuring Intelligence (pp. 61-78). London: Sage Publications.
  4. Murray, J. D., & Engle, R. W. (2005). Accessing situation model information: Memory-based processing versus here-and-now accounts. The Journal of Psychology, 139, 261-272.
  5. Unsworth, N., & Engle, R. W. (2005). Working memory capacity and fluid abilities: Examining the correlation between Operation Span and Raven. Intelligence, 33, 67-81.
  6. Unsworth, N., & Engle, R. W. (2005). Individual differences in working memory capacity and learning: Evidence from the serial reaction time task. Memory & Cognition, 33, 213-220.
  7. Unsworth, N., Heitz, R.P., & Engle, R.W. (2005). Working memory capacity in hot and cold cognition. In R.W. Engle, G. Sedek, U. Hecker, & D.N. McIntosh (Eds.), Cognitive Limitations in Aging and Psychopathology (pp. 19-43). NY: Cambridge University Press.
  8. Unsworth, N., Heitz, R.P., Schrock, J.C., & Engle, R.W. (2005). An automated version of the operation span task. Behavior Research Methods, 37, 498 - 505.

2004

  1. Bleckley, M. K., Durso, F. T., Crutchfield, J. M., Engle, R. W., & Khanna, M. M. (2004). Individual differences in working memory capacity predict visual attention allocation. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10, 884-889.
  2. Engle, R. W., & Kane, M. J. (2004). Executive attention, working memory capacity, and a two-factor theory of cognitive control. In B. Ross (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation (Vol. 44, pp. 145-199). NY: Elsevier.
  3. Feldman-Barrett, L., Tugade, M. M., & Engle, R. W. (2004). Individual differences in working memory capacity and dual-process theories of the mind. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 553-573.
  4. Kane, M. J., Hambrick, D. Z., Tuholski, S. W., Wilhelm, O., Payne, T. W., & Engle, R. W. (2004). The generality of working memory capacity: A latent variable approach to verbal and visuospatial memory span and reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 189-217.
  5. Oberauer, K., Lange, E., & Engle, R.W. (2004). Working memory capacity and resistance to interference. Journal of Memory and Language, 51, 80 - 96.
  6. Unsworth, N., Schrock, J. C., & Engle, R. W. (2004). Working memory capacity and the antisaccade task: Individual differences in voluntary saccade control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 30, 1302-1321.

2003

  1. Hambrick, D. Z., & Engle, R. W. (2003). The role of working memory in problem solving. In J. E. Davidson & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), The Psychology of Problem Solving (pp. 176-206). London: Cambridge Press.
  2. Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2003). Working memory capacity and the control of attention: The contributions of goal neglect, response competition, and task set to Stroop interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 132, 47-70.
  3. Mecklinger, A., Weber, K., Gunter, T. C., & Engle, R. W. (2003). Dissociable brain mechanisms for inhibitory control: Effects of interference content and working memory capacity. Cognitive Brain Research.

2002

  1. Engle, R. W. (2002). Working memory capacity as executive attention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 19-23.
  2. Hambrick, D. Z., & Engle, R. W. (2002). Effects of domain knowledge, working memory capacity, and age on cognitive performance: An investigation of the knowledge-is-power hypothesis. Cognitive Psychology, 44, 339-387.
  3. Kane, M. J. (2002, November). Working memory capacity as a unitary attentional construct. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Kansas City, MO.
  4. Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2002). The role of prefrontal cortex in working-memory capacity, executive attention, and general fluid intelligence: An individual differences perspective. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 637-671.

2001

  1. Engle, R. W. (2001). What is working-memory capacity?. In H. L. Roediger III & J. S. Nairne (Eds.), The Nature of Remembering: Essays in Honor of Robert G. Crowder (pp. 297-314). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  2. Kane, M. J., Bleckley, K. M., Conway, A. R. A., & Engle, R. W. (2001). A controlled-attention view of working-memory capacity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 169-183.
  3. Tuholski, S. W., Engle, R. W., & Baylis, G. C. (2001). Individual differences in working memory capacity and enumeration. Memory & Cognition, 29, 484-492.

2000

  1. Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2000). Working-memory capacity, proactive interference, and divided attention: Limits on long-term memory retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 26, 336-358.

1999

  1. Conway, A. R. A., Tuholski, S. W., Shisler, R. J. Engle, R. W. (1999). The effect of memory load on negative priming: An individual differences investigation. Memory & Cognition, 27, 1042-1050.
  2. Engle, R. W., Kane, M. J., & Tuholski, S. W. (1999). Individual differences in working memory capacity and what they tell us about controlled attention, general fluid intelligence and functions of the prefrontal cortex. In Miyake, A. & Shah, P. (Eds.), Models of Working Memory: Mechanisms of Active Maintenance and Executive Control (pp.102-134). London: Cambridge Press.
  3. Engle, R. W., & Oransky, N. (1999). The evolution from short-term to working memory: Multi-store to dynamic models of temporary storage. In R. Sternberg (Ed.), The Nature of Cognition (pp. 514-555). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  4. Engle, R. W., Tuholski, S. W., Laughlin, J. E., & Conway, A. R. A. (1999). Working memory, short-term memory and general fluid intelligence: A latent variable approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 128, 309-331.
  5. Kane, M. J., Conway, A. R. A., & Engle, R. W. (1999). What do working memory tests really measure?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 101-102.

1998

  1. Engle, R. W., & Conway, A. R. A. (1998). Working memory and comprehension. In R. H. Logie, & K. J. Gilhooly, (Eds.), Working Memory and Thinking (pp 67-92). East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press.
  2. Rosen, V. M., & Engle, R. W. (1998). Working memory capacity and suppression. Journal of Memory and Language, 39, 418-436.

1997

  1. Rosen, V. M., & Engle, R. W. (1997). Forward and backward serial recall. Intelligence, 25, 37-47.
  2. Rosen, V. M., & Engle, R. W. (1997). The role of working memory capacity in retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 126, 211-227.

1996

  1. Conway, A. R. A., & Engle, R. W. (1996). Individual differences in working memory capacity: More evidence for a general capacity theory. Memory, 4, 577-590.
  2. Engle, R. W. (1996). Working memory and retrieval: An inhibition-resource approach. In J.T.E. Richardson, R.W. Engle, L. Hasher, R.H. Logie, E.R. Stoltzfus, & R.T. Zacks (Eds.), Working Memory and Human Cognition. New York: Oxford University Press.
  3. Richardson, J. T. E., Engle, R. W., Hasher, L., Logie, R. H., Stoltzfus, E. R., & Zacks, R. T. (1996). Working memory and Human Cognition. New York: Oxford University Press.

1995

  1. Engle, R. W., Conway, A. R. A., Tuholski, S. W., & Shisler, R. J. (1995). A resource account of inhibition. Psychological Science, 6, 122-125.

1994

  1. Conway, A. R. A., & Engle, R. W. (1994). Working memory and retrieval: A resource-dependent inhibition model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 123, 354-373.
  2. Engle, R. W. (1994). Memory. In Robert J. Sternberg (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Intelligence (pg. 700-704), NY: Macmillan.
  3. Turner, M. L., Schwartz, M. K., Clifton, G. E., & Engle, R. W. (1994). Effects of vocabulary size and acoustic similarity on serial recall of mouthed stimuli. Journal of General Psychology, 121, 361-376.

1993

  1. Cantor, J., & Engle, R. W. (1993). Working memory capacity as long-term memory activation: An individual differences approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 19, 1101-1114.

1992

  1. Engle, R. W., Cantor, J., & Carullo, J. (1992). Individual differences in working memory and comprehension: A test of four hypotheses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 18, 972-992.
  2. Turner, M. L., Johnson, S. K., McNamara, D. S., & Engle, R. W. (1992). Effects of same modality interference on immediate serial recall of auditory and visual information. Journal of General Psychology, 119, 247-263.

1991

  1. Cantor, J., Engle, R. W., Hamilton, G. (1991). Short-term memory, working memory, and verbal abilities: How do they relate?. Intelligence, 15, 229-246.
  2. Engle, R. W., Carullo, J. J., & Collins, K. W. (1991). Individual differences in the role of working memory in comprehension and following directions. Journal of Educational Research, 84, 253-262.
  3. Shimp, T. A., Stuart, E. W., & Engle, R. W. (1991). A program of classical conditioning experiments testing variations in the conditioned stimulus and context. Journal of Consumer Research, 18, 1-12.

1990

  1. Balota, D. A., Cowan, N., & Engle, R. W. (1990). Suffix interference in the arecall of linguistically coherent speech. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 16, 446-456.
  2. Engle, R. W., Nations, J. K., & Cantor, J. (1990). Is "working memory" capacity just another name for word knowledge? Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 799-804.
  3. La Pointe, L. B., & Engle, R. W. (1990). Simple and complex word spans as measures of working memory capacity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 16, 1118-1133.
  4. Stuart, E. W., Shimp, T. A., & Engle, R. W. (1990). Classical conditioning of negative attitudes. Advances in Consumer Research, 17, 536-540.
    1989
  5. Cantor, J., & Engle, R. W. (1989). The effects of concurrent load on mouthed and vocalized modality effects. Memory & Cognition, 17, 701-711.
  6. Engle, R. W., Cantor, J., & Turner, M. L. (1989). Modality effects: Do they fall on deaf ears? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 41A, 273-292.
  7. Turner, M. L., & Engle, R. W. (1989). Is working memory capacity task dependent?. Journal of Memory and Language, 28, 127-154.